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Modulation of phospholipase A2 activity by epidermal growth factor (EGF) in CHO cells transfected with human EGF receptor. Role of receptor cytoplasmic subdomain.

By S Clark and M Dunlop

Abstract

Activation of phospholipase A2 (PLA2) in response to external stimuli may play a pivotal role in signal-transduction pathways via the generation of important cellular intermediates, including prostaglandins. Epidermal growth factor (EGF) has been shown to modulate prostaglandin production, possibly via direct activation of PLA2 or indirectly via interaction with a PLA2-modifying protein such as lipocortin I. We have investigated these pathways with two CHO cell-lines, one (CHOwt) transfected with the full-length human EGF receptor and the second (CHO 11) with a deletion mutant, delta 990, that has lost the autophosphorylation sites and part of the internalization domain. CHOwt cells responded to EGF with a rapid rise in lysophosphatidylcholine and arachidonic acid release concomitant with an increase in prostaglandin production. However, in the non-internalizing CHO 11 cells no such activation of PLA2 was observed. This was not due to an intrinsic lack of PLA2 in these cells, as PLA2 activation was shown on melittin addition, nor was this difference due to a defect in intracellular pathways, as arachidonic acid was released from both cell types by Ca2+ and protein kinase C modulators. However, only in CHOwt cells were these responses potentiated by concomitant addition of EGF. Thus the cytoplasmic subdomain of the EGF receptor, containing the major sites of autophosphorylation and the internalization domain, seems to be involved in the activation of PLA2 by EGF. In addition, we have shown that phosphorylation of lipocortin I is unlikely to play a role in PLA2 activation. In CHOwt cells and a positive control cell line, A431, activation of PLA2 was complete by 10 min, at which time there was no evidence of lipocortin I phosphorylation

Topics: Research Article
Year: 1991
DOI identifier: 10.1042/bj2740715
OAI identifier: oai:pubmedcentral.nih.gov:1149970
Provided by: PubMed Central
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