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Solubilization of functional calcitonin receptors.

By G C Nicholson, C S D'Santos, T Evans, J M Moseley, B E Kemp and T J Martin


Calcitonin (CT) binding activity has been extracted from a membrane fraction of human placenta using the zwitterionic detergent, 3-[(3-cholamidopropyl)dimethylammonio]-1-propanesulphonic acid (Chaps). Approximately two-thirds of the available binding sites were extracted using 5 mM-Chaps. The binding characteristics of 125I-labelled salmon CT(125I-sCT) to the solubilized extract were similar to those obtained previously with placental membranes and other targets such as osteoclasts, renal cells and certain human cancer cell lines. 125I-sCT binding was saturable (Bmax. 75 +/- 6 fmol/mg of protein, n = 3) and Scatchard analysis revealed a single class of high-affinity binding sites (Kd 165 +/- 28 pM, n = 3). In competitive-binding studies, various species-specific CTs and CT analogues showed the same rank order of potencies as seen in CT bioassays and several unrelated peptides did not compete at high doses. A biologically active CT analogue, [Arg11,18, Lys14]sCT, derivatized with the photoreactive phenylazide cross-linking agent, N-hydroxysuccinimidyl-4-azidobenzoate, was used to identify receptor components of Mr approximately 88,000 and approximately 71,000 in both particulate placental membranes and the solubilized extract. Receptor components of Mr 85-90,000 have been identified in other CT target cells previously using chemical- and photoaffinity-labelling techniques. These results demonstrate the first successful solubilization of the CT receptor in a form which purification

Topics: Research Article
Year: 1988
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Provided by: PubMed Central
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