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The metabolism of neuropeptides. Endopeptidase-24.11 in human synaptic membrane preparations hydrolyses substance P.

By R Matsas, M Rattray, A J Kenny and A J Turner

Abstract

Synaptic membrane preparations from human striatum and human diencephalon were shown to contain a phosphoramidon-sensitive metalloendopeptidase that appeared identical with endopeptidase-24.11. The activity of endopeptidase-24.11 was determined with an enzymic assay employing [D-Ala2,Leu5]enkephalin as substrate, and its distribution in human brain was similar to that in pig brain, with the striatum containing the highest levels. The choroid plexus and pons also contained substantial activity. A good correlation (r = 0.97) was obtained for the distribution of the endopeptidase in pig brain and pituitary by the enzymic assay and by an immunoradiometric assay specific for pig endopeptidase-24.11. Synaptic membrane preparations from human striatum and diencephalon hydrolysed substance P at the same sites as did preparations of pig striatal synaptic membranes, and hydrolysis was substantially abolished by phosphoramidon. These results suggest that endopeptidase-24.11 is the principal enzyme hydrolysing substance P in human synaptic membrane preparations

Topics: Research Article
Year: 1985
DOI identifier: 10.1042/bj2280487
OAI identifier: oai:pubmedcentral.nih.gov:1145007
Provided by: PubMed Central
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