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The energetics of early platelet responses. Energy consumption during shape change and aggregation with special reference to protein phosphorylation and the polyphosphoinositide cycle.

By A J Verhoeven, G Gorter, M E Mommersteeg and J W Akkerman

Abstract

Among the different platelet responses, secretion requires the greatest amount of metabolic energy. The velocities of dense, alpha- and acid hydrolase granule secretion vary in parallel with the increase in energy consumption seen in thrombin-stimulated cells. This covariance is preceded by a phase in which energy consumption is increased without the extracellular appearance of secretion markers. By treating the platelets with thrombin and hirudin we have stimulated the platelets for short intervals and succeeded in separating shape change, single platelet disappearance and secretion to a great extent. In this report we show that the early increase in energy consumption reflects the energy requirement of aggregation but not of shape change. The cost of 100% of single platelet disappearance is 2.8 mumol of ATPeq. X (10(11) platelets)-1. Concurrent analysis of phosphorylation of Mr 20 000 and 47 000 proteins and of 32P-labelled phosphatidylinositol metabolites led to the following observations. Firstly, shape change is neither accompanied by an increase in protein phosphorylation nor by changes in the steady state levels of 32P-labelled phosphatidylinositol metabolites. Secondly, when aggregation occurs both proteins are phosphorylated, but the phosphatidylinositol metabolites do not change. Thirdly, when secretion follows, more phosphorylation of the Mr 47 000 protein occurs and initially only phosphatidic acid accumulates. At a later stage of the secretion responses, more protein phosphorylation and phosphatidic acid accumulation become evident, and are now accompanied by alterations in the steady state levels of 32P-labelled (poly)phosphoinositides. Hence, the early increase in energy consumption coincides with protein phosphorylation and, at a later stage, with alterations in (poly)phosphoinositides metabolites. This demonstrates that metabolic energy is directly involved in stimulus-response coupling in aggregating platelets

Topics: Research Article
Year: 1985
DOI identifier: 10.1042/bj2280451
OAI identifier: oai:pubmedcentral.nih.gov:1145003
Provided by: PubMed Central
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