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Absorption and metabolism of fructose by rat jejunum.

By P A Holloway and D S Parsons


The absorption and metabolism of fructose was investigated in the vascularly perfused jejunum of fructose-fed rats. With 10 mM-glutamate and 10 mM-fructose in the lumen, the viability of the tissue is maintained and fructose is absorbed and utilized at high rates. With 28 mM-fructose in the lumen, glucose appears in the vascular bed. With 10 mM- or 28 mM-fructose in the presence of 10 mM- or mM-glucose in the lumen, the fructose absorption is decreased. From 10 mM- or 28 mM-sucrose in the lumen, fructose uptake is also less than from the equivalent concentration of free fructose. The rate of appearance of fructose in the vascular bed is independent of the source of fructose from which it is derived. In the presence of glucose, either free or as sucrose, there is a marked decrease in the utilization of fructose, defined as the difference between that absorbed by the jejunum and that transported unchanged into the vascular bed. In all cases about half of the carbohydrate absorbed from the lumen is converted into lactate, most of which is secreted into the blood. The absorption of glucose and the rate of vascular appearance of glucose from glucose in the lumen are about 1.5 times greater than those of fructose from fructose in the lumen. It is concluded: firstly, that fructose uptake from the lumen of rat jejunum is determined by its concentration and by the demand for it as a fuel for the intestine, a demand that is severely decreased in the presence of glucose; secondly, that in the vascularly perfused jejunum there is no evident kinetic advantage for uptake of fructose or glucose from sucrose rather than from free monosaccharide in the lumen; thirdly, that some fructose can be converted into glucose

Topics: Research Article
Year: 1984
DOI identifier: 10.1042/bj2220057
OAI identifier:
Provided by: PubMed Central
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