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The influence of starvation and tryptophan administration on the metabolism of phenylalanine, tyrosine and tryptophan in isolated rat liver cells.

By M Salter, J C Stanley, M J Fisher and C I Pogson

Abstract

Liver cells from fed Sprague-Dawley rats metabolized phenylalanine, tyrosine and tryptophan at rates consistent with the known kinetic properties of the first enzymes of each pathway. Starvation of rats for 48 h did not increase the maximal activities of phenylalanine hydroxylase, tryptophan 2,3-dioxygenase and tyrosine aminotransferase in liver cell extracts, when results were expressed in terms of cellular DNA. Catabolic flux through the first two enzymes was unchanged; that through the aminotransferase was elevated relatively to enzyme activity. This is interpreted in terms of changes in the concentrations of 2-oxoglutarate and glutamate. Cells from tryptophan-treated animals exhibited significant increases in the catabolism of tyrosine and tryptophan, but not of phenylalanine. The activities of tyrosine aminotransferase and tryptophan 2,3-dioxygenase were also increased, although the changes in flux and enzyme activity did not correspond exactly. These results are discussed with reference to the control of aromatic amino acid catabolism in liver; the role of substrate concentration is emphasized

Topics: Research Article
Year: 1984
DOI identifier: 10.1042/bj2210431
OAI identifier: oai:pubmedcentral.nih.gov:1144055
Provided by: PubMed Central
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