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A Virus-Encoded Inhibitor That Blocks RNA Interference in Mammalian Cells

By Christopher S. Sullivan and Don Ganem


Nodamura virus (NoV) is a small RNA virus that is infectious for insect and mammalian hosts. We have developed a highly sensitive assay of RNA interference (RNAi) in mammalian cells that shows that the NoV B2 protein functions as an inhibitor of RNAi triggered by either short hairpin RNAs or small interfering RNAs. In the cell, NoV B2 binds to pre-Dicer substrate RNA and RNA-induced silencing complex (RISC)-processed RNAs and inhibits the Dicer cleavage reaction and, potentially, one or more post-Dicer activities. In vitro, NoV B2 inhibits Dicer-mediated RNA cleavage in the absence of any other host factors and specifically binds double-stranded RNAs corresponding in structure to Dicer substrates and products. Its abilities to bind to Dicer precursor and post-Dicer RISC-processed RNAs suggest a mechanism of inhibition that is unique among known viral inhibitors of RNAi

Topics: Cellular Response to Infection
Publisher: American Society for Microbiology
Year: 2005
DOI identifier: 10.1128/JVI.79.12.7371-7379.2005
OAI identifier:
Provided by: PubMed Central
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