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Changes in cardiac Aquaporin expression during aortic valve replacement surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass

By María Teresa Politi, Federico Claudio Ochoa, Vanina Alejandra Netti, Raúl Ferreyra, Guillermo Bortman, Norberto Aníbal Sanjuan, Celina Morales, Antonio Piazza and Claudia Graciela Capurro

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: Cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) use is an essential strategy for many cardiovascular surgeries. However, its use and duration have been associated with a higher rate of postoperative complications, such as low cardiac output syndrome due to myocardial oedema and dysfunction. Though Aquaporin water channels have been implicated in myocardial water balance, their specific role in this clinical scenario has not been established. METHODS: In a consecutive study of 17 patients with severe aortic stenosis undergoing aortic valve replacement surgery, 2 myocardial biopsies of the left ventricle were taken: 1 before and 1 after CPB use. Sociodemographic, clinical and laboratory data were collected. Western blot and immunohistochemistry studies were performed. RESULTS: After CPB use, there was a mean increase of ∼62% in Aquaporin 1 protein levels (P = 0.001) and a mean reduction of ∼38% in Aquaporin 4 protein levels (P = 0.030). In immunohistochemistry assays, Aquaporin 1 was found lining small blood vessels, while Aquaporin 4 formed a circular label in cardiomyocytes. There were no changes in the localization of either protein following CPB use. During the observed on-pump time interval, there was a 1.7%/min mean increase in Aquaporin 1 (P = 0.021) and a 2.5%/min mean decrease in Aquaporin 4 (P = 0.018). Myocardial interstitial oedema increased by 42% (95% confidence interval 31-54%) after CPB use. Patients who developed low cardiac output syndrome were in the upper half of the median percentage change of Aquaporin expression. CONCLUSION: Time-dependent changes in cardiac Aquaporin expression may be associated with myocardial oedema and dysfunction related to CPB use.Fil: Politi, María Teresa. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Oficina de Coordinación Administrativa Houssay. Instituto de Fisiología y Biofísica Bernardo Houssay. Universidad de Buenos Aires. Facultad de Medicina. Instituto de Fisiología y Biofísica Bernardo Houssay; ArgentinaFil: Ochoa, Federico Claudio. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Oficina de Coordinación Administrativa Houssay. Instituto de Fisiología y Biofísica Bernardo Houssay. Universidad de Buenos Aires. Facultad de Medicina. Instituto de Fisiología y Biofísica Bernardo Houssay; ArgentinaFil: Netti, Vanina Alejandra. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Oficina de Coordinación Administrativa Houssay. Instituto de Fisiología y Biofísica Bernardo Houssay. Universidad de Buenos Aires. Facultad de Medicina. Instituto de Fisiología y Biofísica Bernardo Houssay; ArgentinaFil: Ferreyra, Raúl. No especifíca;Fil: Bortman, Guillermo. No especifíca;Fil: Sanjuan, Norberto Aníbal. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Oficina de Coordinación Administrativa Houssay. Instituto de Investigaciones en Microbiología y Parasitología Médica. Universidad de Buenos Aires. Facultad de Medicina. Instituto de Investigaciones en Microbiología y Parasitología Médica; ArgentinaFil: Morales, Celina. Universidad de Buenos Aires. Facultad de Medicina. Instituto de Fisiopatología Cardiovascular; ArgentinaFil: Piazza, Antonio. No especifíca;Fil: Capurro, Claudia Graciela. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Oficina de Coordinación Administrativa Houssay. Instituto de Fisiología y Biofísica Bernardo Houssay. Universidad de Buenos Aires. Facultad de Medicina. Instituto de Fisiología y Biofísica Bernardo Houssay; Argentin

Topics: AORTIC VALVE, AQUAPORINS, CARDIOPULMONARY BYPASS, HUMANS, MYOCARDIUM, OEDEMA, Sistemas Cardíaco y Cardiovascular, Medicina Clínica, CIENCIAS MÉDICAS Y DE LA SALUD
Publisher: 'Oxford University Press (OUP)'
Year: 2019
DOI identifier: 10.1093/ejcts/ezz249/5571459
OAI identifier: oai:ri.conicet.gov.ar:11336/120714
Provided by: CONICET Digital
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