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Biological removal of hexavalent chromium: evaluation of the metabolic activity of native and Cr(VI)-acclimated activated sludge using a respirometric method

By Ana Micaela Ferro Orozco, Edgardo Martin Contreras and Noemi Elisabet Zaritzky

Abstract

Hexavalent chromium becomes in one of the tops internationally concern environmental issues due to its wide usage in several industrial activities. There are two stable oxidation states of chromium in the environment which differ significantly on its toxicity; Cr(III) has lower solubility, mobility and lesser biological toxicity in comparison with Cr(VI). While Cr(VI) is a well-known carcinogen, Cr(III) is an essential dietary element. For this reason, most technologies focus attention on the reduction of Cr(VI) to Cr(III). On this context, the ability of microorganisms to reduce Cr(VI) to Cr (III) has gained attention. The objectives of the present work were to analyze the effect of Cr(VI) on the activated sludge community in a continuous reactor, and to evaluate the differences on the metabolic activity of native (NAS) and Cr(VI)-acclimated activated sludge (CrAAS) using a respirometric method. Results showed that the activated sludge community had the capability to acclimate to the presence of Cr(VI). On the other hand, the increase of the initial Cr(VI) concentration from 0 to 100 mgCr/L leads to a decrease in the specific exogenous respiration rate (qEx) values, but this reduction was more noticeably in the case of NAS in comparison with CrAAS. The respirometric curves were well described by the proposed mathematical model. It was concluded that the CrAAS tolerated a Cr(VI) concentration about one order of magnitudehigher than NAS, which was positively reflected in the respiration rate first-order decay constant (kd), the specific maximum exogenous respiration rate (qExm), and the observed oxidation coefficient (YO/S) values.Fil: Ferro Orozco, Ana Micaela. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Centro Científico Tecnológico Conicet - Mar del Plata. Instituto de Investigaciones en Ciencia y Tecnología de Materiales. Universidad Nacional de Mar del Plata. Facultad de Ingeniería. Instituto de Investigaciones en Ciencia y Tecnología de Materiales; ArgentinaFil: Contreras, Edgardo Martin. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Centro Científico Tecnológico Conicet - Mar del Plata. Instituto de Investigaciones en Ciencia y Tecnología de Materiales. Universidad Nacional de Mar del Plata. Facultad de Ingeniería. Instituto de Investigaciones en Ciencia y Tecnología de Materiales; ArgentinaFil: Zaritzky, Noemi Elisabet. Provincia de Buenos Aires. Gobernación. Comisión de Investigaciones Científicas. Centro de Investigación y Desarrollo en Criotecnología de Alimentos. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Centro Científico Tecnológico Conicet - La Plata. Centro de Investigación y Desarrollo en Criotecnología de Alimentos. Universidad Nacional de La Plata. Facultad de Ciencias Exactas. Centro de Investigación y Desarrollo en Criotecnología de Alimentos; Argentina. Universidad Nacional de La Plata. Facultad de Ingenierí­a. Departamento de Ingeniería Química; Argentin

Topics: ACTIVATED SLUDGE, ACCLIMATION, CR(VI), METABOLIC ACTIVITY, RESPIROMETRY, Otras Ingeniería del Medio Ambiente, Ingeniería del Medio Ambiente, INGENIERÍAS Y TECNOLOGÍAS
Publisher: 'Informa UK Limited'
Year: 2019
DOI identifier: 10.1080/09593330.2019.1649470
OAI identifier: oai:ri.conicet.gov.ar:11336/119003
Provided by: CONICET Digital
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