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Environmental assessment of incinerator residue utilisation

By Susanna Toller, Erik Kärrman, Jon Petter Gustafsson and Y. Magnusson

Abstract

Incineration ashes may be treated either as a waste to be dumped in landfill, or as a resource that is suit able for re-use. In order to choose the best management scenario, knowledge is needed on the potential environmental impact that may be expected, including not only local, but also regional and global impact. In this study. A life cycle assessment (LCA) based approach Was Outlined for environmental assessment of incinerator residue utilisation, in which leaching of trace elements as well as other emissions to air and water and the use of resources were regarded as constituting the potential environmental impact from the system studied. Case Studies were performed for two selected ash types, bottom ash from municipal solid waste incineration (MSWI) and wood fly ash. The MSWI bottom ash was assumed to be suitable for road construction or as drainage material in landfill, whereas the wood fly ash Was assumed to be suitable for road construction or as a nutrient resource to be recycled oil forest land after biofuel harvesting. Different types of potential environmental impact predominated in the activities of the system and the use of natural resources and the trace element leaching were identified as being relatively important for the scenarios compared. The scenarios differed in use of resources and energy, whereas there is a potential for trace element leaching regardless of how the material is managed. Utilising MSWI bottom ash in road construction and recycling of wood ash on forest land saved more natural resources and energy than when these materials were managed according to the other scenarios investigated, including dumping in landfill.QC 20100525</p

Topics: life-cycle assessment, road construction, solid-waste, decision-making, by-products, bottom ash, methodology, sweden, input, model, Other Environmental Engineering, Annan naturresursteknik
Publisher: 'Elsevier BV'
Year: 2009
DOI identifier: 10.1016/j.wasman.2009.03.006
OAI identifier: oai:DiVA.org:kth-18462
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