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Tetralin-Induced and ThnR-Regulated Aldehyde Dehydrogenase and β-Oxidation Genes in Sphingomonas macrogolitabida Strain TFA

By Aroa López-Sánchez, Belén Floriano Pardal, Eloísa Andújar, María José Hernáez and Eduardo Santero


9 páginas, 6 figuras, 2 tablas.A new cluster of genes has been found downstream of the previously identified thnA2 gene. The gene products are similar to nonacylating aldehyde dehydrogenases (ThnG) and to proteins representing a complete beta-oxidation pathway (ThnH to ThnP). ThnG has a nonacylating NAD-dependent pimelic semialdehyde dehydrogenase activity that renders pimelic acid a seven-carbon dicarboxylic acid. For further metabolism via beta-oxidation, pimelic acid could be acylated by a constitutive acyl coenzyme A (acyl-CoA) ligase found in Sphingomonas macrogolitabida strain TFA or by ThnH, which would transfer CoA from a previously acylated molecule. The first round of beta-oxidation is expected to render glutaryl-CoA and acetyl-CoA. Glutaryl-CoA dehydrogenase (ThnN) would catalyze the oxidation and decarboxylation of glutaryl-CoA and yield crotonyl-CoA, which enters the central metabolism via acetyl-CoA. Mutagenesis studies have shown that these genes are not essential for growth on tetralin or fatty acids, although a thnG disruption mutant showed threefold less pimelic semialdehyde dehydrogenase activity. Transcriptional analysis indicated that these genes are induced by tetralin, subjected to catabolite repression, and regulated by the same regulatory factors previously identified to regulate other thn structural genes. In the present study, transcription initiation upstream of thnH and thnM has been detected by primer extension analysis, and putative promoters were identified by sequence analysis. In addition, binding of the activator ThnR to its putative binding sites at the PH and PM promoter regions has been characterized. These results provide a complete characterization of the biodegradation pathway of tetralin to central metabolites and describe the transcriptional organization of the thn operons in S. macrogolitabida strain TFA.This study was supported by the Spanish Ministry of Science and Innovation, grants BIO2008-01805 and CSD2007-00005, and by the Andalusian government, grants P05-CVI-131 and P07-CVI-2518.Peer reviewe

Topics: Aldehyde Dehydrogenase, Bacterial Proteins, Electrophoretic Mobility Shift Assay, Primelic Acids, Tetrahydronaphthalenes, Transcription factors, Tetralin, Oxidation-Reduction
Publisher: 'American Society for Microbiology'
Year: 2010
DOI identifier: 10.1128/AEM.01846-09
OAI identifier:
Provided by: Digital.CSIC
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