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Linking Conflict to Inequality and Polarization

By Joan Esteban and Debraj Ray

Abstract

22 pages, 5 figures.-- JEL Classification Numbers: D74, D31.-- An earlier version of this paper was presented at the Yale Workshop on Conflict and Rationality (2008).-- Trabajo publicado como artículo en American Economic Review 101(4): 1345-1374 (2011).-- http://dx.doi.org/10.1257/aer.101.4.1345In this paper we study a behavioral model of conflict that provides a basis for choosing certain indices of dispersion as indicators for conflict. We show that the (equilibrium) level of conflict can be expressed as an (approximate) linear function of the Gini coefficient, the Herfindahl-Hirschman fractionalization index, and a specific measure of polarization due to Esteban and Ray.Joan Esteban is a member of the Barcelona GSE Research Network funded by the Government of Catalonia. He gratefully acknowledges financial support from the AXA Research Fund and from the Spanish Government CICYT project n. SEJ2006-00369. Debraj Ray’s research is supported by the National Science Foundation.Peer reviewe

Topics: Conflict, Polarization, Inequality
Year: 2009
DOI identifier: 10.1257/aer.101.4.1345
OAI identifier: oai:digital.csic.es:10261/11985
Provided by: Digital.CSIC

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