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Comparative analysis of procoagulant and fibrinogenolytic activity of crude protease fractions of turmeric species

By B. R. Shivalingu, H. K. Vivek, Z. Nafeesa, B. S. Priya and S. N. Swamy

Abstract

Ethnaopharmacologial relevance: Turmeric rhizome is a traditional herbal medicine, which has been widely used as a remedy to stop bleeding on fresh cuts and for wound healing by the rural and tribal population of India. Aim of the study: To validate scientific and therapeutic application of turmeric rhizomes to stop bleeding on fresh cuts and its role in wound healing process. Materials and methods: The water extracts of thoroughly scrubbed and washed turmeric rhizomes viz., Curcuma aromatica Salisb., Curcuma longa L, Curcuma caesia Roxb., Curcuma amada Roxb. and Curcuma zedoria (Christm.) Roscoe. were subjected to salting out and dialysis. The dialyzed crude enzyme fractions (CEFs) were assessed for proteolytic activity using casein as substrate and were also confirmed by caseinolytic zymography. Its coagulant activity and fibrinogenolytic activity were assessed using human citrated plasma and fibrinogen, respectively. The type of protease(s) in CEFs was confirmed by inhibition studies using specific protease inhibitors. Results: The CEFs of C aromatica, C longa and C caesia showed 1.89, 1.21 and 1.07 folds higher proteolytic activity, respectively, compared to papain. In contrast to these, C amada and C zedoria exhibited moderate proteolytic activity. CEFs showed low proteolytic activities compared to trypsin. The proteolytic activities of CEFs were confirmed by caseinolytic zymography. The CEFs of C aromatica, C longa and C. caesia showed complete hydrolysis of A alpha, B beta and gamma subunits of human fibrinogen, while C amada and C zedoria showed partial hydrolysis. The CEFs viz., C aromatica, C longa, C caesia, C amada and C zedoria exhibited strong procoagulant activity by reducing the human plasma clotting time from 172 s (Control) to 66 s, 84 s 88 s, 78 s and 90 s, respectively. The proteolytic activity of C aromatica, C. longa, C caesia and C amada was inhibited (> 82%) by PMSF, suggesting the possible presence of a serine protease(s). However, C zedoria showed significant inhibition (60%) against IAA and moderate inhibition (30%) against PMSF, indicating the presence of cysteine and serine protease(s). Conclusion: The CEFs of turmeric species exhibited strong procoagulant activity associated with fibrinogenolytic activity. This study provides the scientific credence to turmeric in its propensity to stop bleeding and wound healing process practiced by traditional Indian medicine. (C) 2015 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved

Topics: Chemistry
Publisher: 'Elsevier BV'
Year: 2015
DOI identifier: 10.1016/j.jep.2015.06.018
OAI identifier: oai:eprints.uni-mysore.ac.in:2011

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