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Shaping the nation: The models of Macedonian, turkisha nd Albanian identity in late ottoman period

By Strasko Stojanovski and Dimitar Ljorovski


Abstract This paper address the collective identity status in the Late Ottoman period, whit specification on religious’ and national identification of future Turkish, Albanian and Macedonian national projects. Through incorporation of historical facts and study of the modern theories of nationalism we can detect the stages of building the above mentioned proto- nationalisms. Sharing the same institutional contexts in the Ottoman Empire makes similar patterns of late national identity constructions and production of certain aspects of mutual cultural heritage. The bases of identity are to be seen into the millet system. The transformation of religious into national incorporates both basic models- territorial and ethno- linguistic, but the final national product mainly addresses on the second one. In sense of Turkish identity there is contingent transformation of three powerful ideologies of 19-th century- Pan- Ottomanism, Pan- Islamism and Pan- Turkism whit final product of the modern secular Turkish nation. In the Macedonian example we can also notice three ideological stages- Pan- Orthodoxy, Pan- Slavism and Nationalism in witch in the last be clearly can be noticed Political and Proto- Ethnic stages. The Albanian model example is combination of the previous two national project approaches and generates proto- national, and then national homogeneity through political exploitation of certain ethnic characteristics. We also have to notice that in certain level the first stage of Turkish 19-th century identity (Pan- Ottomanism) was to serve an supra- national, and consequently imposes and to the Christians, and so to the future Albanian and Macedonian proto- nationalisms, and Pan- Islamism can be traced to the Albanian Muslim majority identity, but and the group of future Muslim Macedonians

Topics: History and archaeology, Political Science, Sociology
Publisher: ADAM-ACTOR
Year: 2012
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