GÃNERO, CLASSE E CONCEPÃÃES SOBRE SEXUALIDADE NO MÃXICO

Abstract

<meta content="text/html; charset=ISO-8859-1" http-equiv="content-type"> (43) 01 Marina e Orlandina <span style="font-size: 12pt; font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; font-weight: bold;"> <span style="font-size: 12pt; font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; letter-spacing: 0pt;"> &nbsp; &nbsp; <span style="font-size: 12pt; letter-spacing: 0pt; font-family: Arial;">Com base nos resultados de uma pesquisa probabil&iacute;stica com represen-tatividade nacional realizada na popula&ccedil;&atilde;o do M&eacute;xico detentora de direitos, analisam-se as implica&ccedil;&otilde;es diferenciais de pertin&ecirc;ncia de g&ecirc;nero em sua rela&ccedil;&atilde;o com a posi&ccedil;&atilde;o socioestrutural de classe, nas manifesta&ccedil;&otilde;es verbais sobre as pr&aacute;ticas sexuais expressas pelos entrevistados. A aproxima&ccedil;&atilde;o metodol&oacute;gica combina v&aacute;rias t&eacute;cnicas estat&iacute;sticas. Atrav&eacute;s da an&aacute;lise fatorial s&atilde;o identificadas as dimens&otilde;es em torno das quais se articulam as afirma&ccedil;&otilde;es prescritivas sobre o controle da sexualidade como conceito ordenador do sistema normativo. Uma vez hierarquizadas as dimens&otilde;es, &eacute; constru&iacute;do un &iacute;ndice ponderado para avaliar o grau de conservadorismo mostrado pelos homens e mulheres de distintos estratos sociais. Para classificar a popula&ccedil;&atilde;o em grupos, segundo o n&iacute;vel de conservadorismo (do m&aacute;ximo ao m&iacute;nimo), leva-se a cabo uma an&aacute;lise de conglomerados. Finalmente, com base numa an&aacute;lise de regress&atilde;o m&uacute;ltipla, examinam-se fatores sociodemogr&aacute;ficos associados aos distintos n&iacute;veis de conservadoris-mo/liberalismo, e a pertin&ecirc;ncia relativa de &ldquo;g&ecirc;nero&rdquo; por um lado, e do &ldquo;g&ecirc;nero&rdquo; e &ldquo;classe&rdquo;, por outro, para explicar o posicionamento diferencial das pessoas ante sua sexualidade e a dos outros.<span style="font-family: Arial;"> <span style="font-size: 12pt; letter-spacing: 0pt; font-family: Arial;"><span style="font-size: 12pt; text-transform: uppercase; letter-spacing: 0pt; font-family: Arial;"> Palavras-chave<span style="font-size: 12pt; letter-spacing: 0pt; font-family: Arial;">: g&ecirc;nero, sexualidade, desigualdades de classe e g&ecirc;nero, virginidade.<span style="font-family: Arial;"> <span style="color: black; text-transform: uppercase;" lang="EN-US"> <span style="color: black; text-transform: uppercase;" lang="EN-US">GENDER, CLASS AND SEXUALITY CONCEPTIONS IN MEXICO <span style="color: black;" lang="EN-US">Marina Ariza, Orlandina de Oliveira<span style="color: black;" lang="EN-US"> &nbsp; Based on the results of a probabilistic research with national representativeness that was carried out with the entitled population, the impli-cations on gender differentials were analyzed in terms of their relationship with the social and structural status of class and the oral manifestations of the sexual practices expressed by the interviewees. The methodological approximation combines several statistical techniques. The dimensions around which the prescriptive affirmations on the control of sexuality as an organizing concept of the normative system are analyzed through factorial analysis. Once these dimensions have been hierarchized, a weighted index is used to assess the conservationism degree shown by man and women from distinct social strata. In order to classify the population into groups, according to the conservationism degree (from maximum to minimum) a series of cluster analysis was carried out. Finally, based on a multiple regression analysis, the social demographic factors associated with distinct levels of conservationism/liberalism were analyzed, as well as the pertinence referring to &ldquo;gender&rdquo; on one side and &ldquo;gender&rdquo; and &ldquo;class&rdquo; on the other, to explain people&rsquo;s different points of view regarding their own and the others&rsquo; sexuality. <span style="line-height: 150%; color: black; text-transform: uppercase;" lang="EN-US"> Key words<span style="line-height: 150%; color: black;" lang="EN-US">: gender, sexuality, inequalities of class and gender, virginity. <span style="color: black; text-transform: uppercase;"> <span style="color: black; text-transform: uppercase;">GENRE, CLASSE ET CONCEPTIONS RELATIVES A LA SEXUALITE AU MEXIQUE Marina Ariza, Orlandina de Oliveira<span style="color: black;"> Partant des r&eacute;sultats d&rsquo;une recherche probabiliste de repr&eacute;sentativit&eacute; nationale qui a &eacute;t&eacute; r&eacute;alis&eacute;e aupr&egrave;s de la population du Mexique jouissant de droits, on analyse, dans les manifestations verbales concernant les pratiques sexuelles exprim&eacute;es par les personnes interview&eacute;es, les implications diff&eacute;rentielles par rapport au genre et en lien avec une situation sociostructurelle de classe. L&rsquo;approximation m&eacute;thodologique associe plusieurs techniques statistiques. Au travers de l&rsquo;analyse factorielle, on a pu identifier les dimensions autour desquelles s&rsquo;articulent les affirmations prescriptives relatives au contr&ocirc;le de la sexualit&eacute;, consid&eacute;r&eacute; comme un concept qui ordonne le syst&egrave;me normatif. Lorsque les dimensions ont &eacute;t&eacute; hi&eacute;rarchis&eacute;es, on a construit un indice pond&eacute;rateur pour &eacute;valuer le degr&eacute; de conservatisme d&eacute;montr&eacute; par les hommes et les femmes de couches sociales diff&eacute;rentes. <span style="color: black;" lang="EN-US">Pour faire une classification de la population en groupes, selon le niveau de conservatisme (allant du maximum au minimum), on proc&egrave;de &agrave; une analyse de conglom&eacute;rats. Finalement, sur la base d&rsquo;une analyse de r&eacute;gression multiple, on examine les facteurs socio-d&eacute;mographiques associ&eacute;s aux diff&eacute;rents niveaux de conservatisme/lib&eacute;ralisme et la relation concernant le &ldquo;genre&rdquo; d&rsquo;une part et le &ldquo;genre&rdquo; et &ldquo;la classe&rdquo; d&rsquo;autre part, afin d&rsquo;expliquer les positions diff&eacute;rentielles des personnes face &agrave; leur sexualit&eacute; et &agrave; celle des autres. <span style="color: black; text-transform: uppercase;" lang="EN-US">&nbsp; <span style="color: black; text-transform: uppercase;"> Mots-cl&eacute;s: genre, sexualit&eacute;, in&eacute;galit&eacute;s de classe et de genre, virginit&eacute;. Publica&ccedil;&atilde;o Online do Caderno CRH: http://www.cadernocrh.ufba.br </html

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