GLOBALIZAÃÃO: ÃLTIMA ETAPA DO CAPITALISMO?

Abstract

<meta content="text/html; charset=ISO-8859-1" http-equiv="content-type"> H. MunizUltimo_Com._ <span style="font-weight: normal;"> O ponto de partida deste artigo &eacute; a confronta&ccedil;&atilde;o<span style="font-weight: normal;"> entre as an&aacute;lises de Karl Marx acerca do desenvolvimento<span style="font-weight: normal;"> do capitalismo no s&eacute;culo XIX e os estudos de Vladimir<span style="font-weight: normal;"> Lenin sobre o Imperialismo e o capital financeiro no in&iacute;cio<span style="font-weight: normal;"> do s&eacute;culo XX. A partir da&iacute;, procura-se realizar<span style="font-weight: normal;"> uma abordagem do fen&ocirc;meno da globaliza&ccedil;&atilde;o, adotando uma<span style="font-weight: normal;"> perspectiva menos ortodoxa e r&iacute;gida do ponto de vista da<span style="font-weight: normal;"> tradi&ccedil;&atilde;o marxista. Em seguida, o artigo procura entender<span style="font-weight: normal;"> as origens das transforma&ccedil;&otilde;es econ&ocirc;micas em curso nas<span style="font-weight: normal;"> economias capitalistas no final do s&eacute;culo XX. Depois de<span style="font-weight: normal;"> acentuar as implica&ccedil;&otilde;es negativas da globaliza&ccedil;&atilde;o econ&ocirc;mica<span style="font-weight: normal;"> em rela&ccedil;&atilde;o &agrave; busca de autonomia e desenvolvimento pelos pa&iacute;ses da periferia, s&atilde;o ressaltadas tamb&eacute;m as possibilidades de socializa&ccedil;&atilde;o das conquistas culturais, cient&iacute;ficas e materiais. O texto se encerra com um convite<span style="font-weight: normal;"> aos cr&iacute;ticos da globaliza&ccedil;&atilde;o situados no campo da<span style="font-weight: normal;"> esquerda, em particular aos filiados &agrave; tradi&ccedil;&atilde;o marxista,<span style="font-weight: normal;"> para que n&atilde;o encarem a globaliza&ccedil;&atilde;o como uma batalha<span style="font-weight: normal;"> perdida e sim como um novo campo de luta pela emancipa&ccedil;&atilde;o<span style="font-weight: normal;"> humana.<br style="font-weight: normal;"> <span style="font-weight: normal;"> PALAVRAS-CHAVE: Globaliza&ccedil;&atilde;o, capitalismo, neoliberalismo, reestrutura&ccedil;&atilde;o<span style="font-weight: normal;"> produtiva e marxismo. GLOBALIZATION: THE LAST STAGE OF CAPITALISM? <span style="font-weight: normal;"><span style="font-style: italic;">Muniz Gon&ccedil;alves Ferreira This article starting point is the confrontation between Karl Marx&rsquo;s analysis about the development of capitalism in the nineteenth century and Vladimir Lenin&rsquo;s studies about Imperialism and the capital in the beginning of the twentieth century. From this point on, it tries to approach the globalization phenomenon, adopting a less rigid and orthodox perspective from the Marxist tradition point of view. Then, the article tries to understand the origins of the ongoing economic transformations in the capitalist economies in the turn of the twentieth century. After stressing out the negative implications of the economical globalization regarding the search of autonomy and development of the peripheral countries, it also stresses out the socialization possibilities of the cultural, scientific and material conquest. The text ends up inviting the left wing globalization critics, in particular those who are linked to the Marxist tradition, not to envisage globalization as a lost battle but rather as a new battlefield for human emancipation. KEY WORDS: Globalization, capitalism, neo-liberalism, productive restructure and Marxism <span style="font-size: 12pt;"><span style="font-weight: normal;"> Publica&ccedil;&atilde;o Online do Caderno CRH: <a href="http://www.cadernocrh.ufba.br/">http://www.cadernocrh.ufba.br </html

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