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3D microstructure modeling of compressed fiber-based materials

By G. Gaiselmann, Ch. Tötzke, I. Manke, Werner Lehnert and V. Schmidt

Abstract

A novel parametrized model that describes the 3D microstructure of compressed fiber-based materials is introduced. It allows to virtually generate the microstructure of realistically compressed gas-diffusion layers (GDL). Given the input of a 3D microstructure of some fiber-based material, the model compresses the system of fibers in a uniaxial direction for arbitrary compression rates. The basic idea is to translate the fibers in the direction of compression according to a vector field which depends on the rate of compression and on the locations of fibers within the material. In order to apply the model to experimental 3D image data of fiber-based materials given for several compression states, an optimal vector field is estimated by simulated annealing. The model is applied to 3D image data of non-woven GDL in PEMFC gained by synchrotron tomography for different compression rates. The compression model is validated by comparing structural characteristics computed for experimentally compressed and virtually compressed microstructures, where two kinds of compression – using a flat stamp and a stamp with a flow-field profile – are applied. For both stamps types, a good agreement is found. Furthermore, the compression model is combined with a stochastic 3D microstructure model for uncompressed fiber-based materials. This allows to efficiently generate compressed fiber-based microstructures in arbitrary volumes

Topics: info:eu-repo/classification/ddc/620
Publisher: Elsevier
Year: 2014
DOI identifier: 10.1016/j.jpowsour.2014.01.095
OAI identifier: oai:juser.fz-juelich.de:137928
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