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Genetic Characterization and Transmission Cycles of Cryptosporidium Species Isolated from Humans in New Zealand

By James J. Learmonth, George Ionas, Kim A. Ebbett and Errol S. Kwan

Abstract

Little is known about the genetic characteristics, distribution, and transmission cycles of Cryptosporidium species that cause human disease in New Zealand. To address these questions, 423 fecal specimens containing Cryptosporidium oocysts and obtained from different regions were examined by the PCR-restriction fragment length polymorphism technique. Indeterminant results were resolved by DNA sequence analysis. Two regions supplied the majority of isolates: one rural and one urban. Overall, Cryptosporidium hominis accounted for 47% of the isolates, with the remaining 53% being the C. parvum bovine genotype. A difference, however, was observed between the Cryptosporidium species from rural and urban isolates, with C. hominis dominant in the urban region, whereas the C. parvum bovine genotype was prevalent in rural New Zealand. A shift in transmission cycles was detected between seasons, with an anthroponotic cycle in autumn and a zoonotic cycle in spring. A novel Cryptosporidium sp., which on DNA sequence analysis showed a close relationship with C. canis, was detected in two unrelated children from different regions, illustrating the genetic diversity within this genus

Topics: Public Health Microbiology
Publisher: American Society for Microbiology
Year: 2004
DOI identifier: 10.1128/AEM.70.7.3973-3978.2004
OAI identifier: oai:pubmedcentral.nih.gov:444824
Provided by: PubMed Central
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