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Use of Escherichia coli Mutants to Evaluate Purines, Purine Nucleosides, and Analogues

By Donald L. Hill and Robert F. Pittillo

Abstract

Of 142 purines, purine nucleosides, and analogues tested for inhibition of growth of Escherichia coli B Hill, 45 were active. Of these, 27 were evaluated for inhibition of other E. coli lines, including those resistant to 6-thioguanine, 2-fluoroadenosine, 2,6-diaminopurine, or 6-mercaptopurine. Most toxic to the parent lines were 2-fluoroadenosine, 2-fluoroadenine, 2-fluoro-5′-deoxyadenosine, adenosine, 6-thioguanosine, 6-thioguanine, 6-mercaptopurine, 6-mercaptopurine ribonucleoside, 2-azaadenine, 2′-deoxyinosine, 6-N-aminoadenine, and inosine. Hypoxanthine was strongly inhibitory only to E. coli B Hill. Evidence regarding the substrate specificity of the three purine phosphoribosyltransferases was obtained by assaying for these enzymes in extracts of the various cell lines and by cross-resistance studies. The line selected for resistance to 6-thioguanine had low guanine phosphoribosyltransferase activity (guanosine monophosphate: pyrophosphate phosphoribosyltransferase, EC 2.4.2.8) and was deficient in activity for xanthine and 6-thioguanine. The lines selected for resistance to 2-fluoroadenosine and 2,6-diaminopurine were deficient in adenine phosphoribosyltransferase activity (adenosine monophosphate: pyrophosphate phosphoribosyltransferase, EC 2.4.2.7), and that selected for resistance to 6-mercaptopurine had low hypoxanthine phosphoribosyltransferase activity and undetectable activity with 6-mercaptopurine as a substrate. Purine, 6-methylpurine, 2-fluoroadenine, 2,6-diaminopurine, and 2-azaadenine were classified as adenine analogues; 6-mercaptopurine and 8-aza-2,6-diaminopurine, as hypoxanthine analogues; and 6-thioguanine and 2-amino-6-chloropurine, as analogues of guanine. The inhibition of bacterial growth by hypoxanthine, inosine, 2′-deoxyinosine, or adenosine was prevented by small amounts of thiamine or by relatively high concentrations of either cytidine or uridine. Cytidine also reversed the inhibition by some purine and purine ribonucleoside analogues. Orotate phosphoribosyltransferase (OMP: pyrophosphate phosphoribosyltransferase, EC 2.4.2.10), a possible site of action for these compounds, was not inhibited directly by the toxic agents

Topics: Articles
Year: 1973
DOI identifier: 10.1128/aac.4.2.125
OAI identifier: oai:pubmedcentral.nih.gov:444517
Provided by: PubMed Central
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