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Effects of extracellular fluid volume and plasma bicarbonate concentration on proximal acidification in the rat.

By R J Alpern, M G Cogan and F C Rector


The effects of systemic bicarbonate concentration and extracellular fluid volume status on proximal tubular bicarbonate absorption, independent of changes in luminal composition and flow rate, were examined with in vivo luminal microperfusion of rat superficial proximal convoluted tubules. Net bicarbonate absorption and bicarbonate permeability were measured using microcalorimetry. From these data, net bicarbonate absorption was divided into two parallel components: proton secretion and passive bicarbonate diffusion. The rate of net bicarbonate absorption was similar in hydropenic and volume-expanded rats when tubules were perfused with 24 mM bicarbonate, but was inhibited in volume-expanded rats when tubules were perfused with 5 mM bicarbonate. Volume expansion caused a 50% increase in bicarbonate permeability, which totally accounted for the above inhibition. The rate of proton secretion was unaffected by volume expansion in both studies. The rate of net bicarbonate absorption was markedly inhibited in alkalotic expansion as compared with isohydric expansion. Bicarbonate permeabilities were not different in these two conditions, and the calculated rates of proton secretion were decreased by greater than 50% in alkalosis. Net bicarbonate absorption was stimulated in acidotic rats compared to hydropenic rats. This stimulation was attributable to a 25% increase in the rate of proton secretion. We conclude that (a) proton secretion is stimulated in acidosis, inhibited in alkalosis, and is not altered by volume status; (b) bicarbonate permeability is increased by volume expansion but is not altered by increases in plasma bicarbonate concentration; (c) when luminal bicarbonate concentrations are similar to those of plasma, net bicarbonate absorption is dominated by proton secretion and is thus sensitive to peritubular bicarbonate concentrations, and insensitive to extracellular fluid volume; (d) when luminal bicarbonate concentrations are low and proton secretion is slowed, bicarbonate permeability and thus extracellular fluid volume have a greater influence on net bicarbonate absorption

Topics: Research Article
Year: 1983
DOI identifier: 10.1172/jci110821
OAI identifier:
Provided by: PubMed Central
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