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Role of endogenous secretin in acid-induced inhibition of human gastric function.

By J H Kleibeuker, V E Eysselein, V E Maxwell and J H Walsh

Abstract

The role of secretin in the inhibition of gastric acid secretion that occurs during acidification of the gastric lumen was studied in nine healthy men. Gastric acid secretion was stimulated by 500-ml meals of 8% peptone solution, and the pH of the stomach was maintained at 5.5, 2.5, or 2.0 by intragastric titration. The increase in plasma secretin was measured, after extraction, by a new secretin radioimmunoassay. After determining the intravenous dose of secretin required to reproduce plasma secretin concentrations achieved during pH 2.5 and 2.0 meals, similar doses were given during administration of a pH 5.5 peptone meal. The doses of secretin led to plasma secretin concentrations that averaged 3.4 pM, not different from the 3.2 and 3.9 pM concentrations achieved during acidified meals. However, exogenous secretin infusion failed to inhibit acid secretion or gastrin response to peptone, although significant inhibitions occurred in both during peptone meals given at pH 2.5 or 2.0. When secretin infusions were given at fivefold higher rates, plasma gastrin responses again failed to demonstrate significant inhibition. Gastric emptying was inhibited significantly by both acidified peptone meals but only slightly (P = 0.053) during exogenous infusion of physiologic secretin doses. The decrease in acid secretion could be explained by decreased gastrin release, but neither of these findings could be explained by circulating secretin concentrations. These results cast strong doubt on a physiological role of secretin in inhibition of acid secretion in man

Topics: Research Article
Year: 1984
DOI identifier: 10.1172/jci111239
OAI identifier: oai:pubmedcentral.nih.gov:425044
Provided by: PubMed Central
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