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Recombinant tumor necrosis factor/cachectin and interleukin 1 pretreatment decreases lung oxidized glutathione accumulation, lung injury, and mortality in rats exposed to hyperoxia.

By C W White, P Ghezzi, C A Dinarello, S A Caldwell, I F McMurtry and J E Repine

Abstract

Single, preexposure, parenteral injection with both recombinant tumor necrosis factor/cachectin (TNF/C) and interleukin-1 (IL-1) prolonged the survival of rats (144 +/- 9 h) in continuous hyperoxia (greater than 99% O2 at 1 atm) when compared with rats injected with boiled TNF/C and boiled IL-1 (61 +/- 2 h), TNF/C alone (61 +/- 2 h), IL-1 alone (62 +/- 2 h), or saline (64 +/- 3 h). After exposure to hyperoxia for 52 h, pleural effusion volume, pulmonary artery pressure, total pulmonary resistance, and lung morphologic damage were decreased in those rats given TNF/C and IL-1 as compared with saline-injected rats. In parallel, ratios of reduced (GSH) to oxidized (GSSG) glutathione were greater (P less than 0.05) in lungs of TNF/C + IL-1-injected rats (91 +/- 20) than of saline-injected rats (30 +/- 4) that had been exposed to hyperoxia for 52 h. No differences were found in superoxide dismutase, glutathione peroxidase, glutathione reductase, glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase, or catalase activities in lungs of TNF/C + IL-1- or saline-treated, hyperoxia-exposed rats. Our results indicate that pretreatment with TNF/C and IL-1 favorably altered lung glutathione redox status, decreased lung injury, and enhanced survival of rats exposed to hyperoxia

Topics: Research Article
Year: 1987
DOI identifier: 10.1172/jci113029
OAI identifier: oai:pubmedcentral.nih.gov:424531
Provided by: PubMed Central
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