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Crystal structure of the HGF β-chain in complex with the Sema domain of the Met receptor

By Jennifer Stamos, Robert A Lazarus, Xiaoyi Yao, Daniel Kirchhofer and Christian Wiesmann

Abstract

The Met tyrosine kinase receptor and its ligand, hepatocyte growth factor (HGF), play important roles in normal development and in tumor growth and metastasis. HGF-dependent signaling requires proteolysis from an inactive single-chain precursor into an active α/β-heterodimer. We show that the serine protease-like HGF β-chain alone binds Met, and report its crystal structure in complex with the Sema and PSI domain of the Met receptor. The Met Sema domain folds into a seven-bladed β-propeller, where the bottom face of blades 2 and 3 binds to the HGF β-chain ‘active site region'. Mutation of HGF residues in the area that constitutes the active site region in related serine proteases significantly impairs HGF β binding to Met. Key binding loops in this interface undergo conformational rearrangements upon maturation and explain the necessity of proteolytic cleavage for proper HGF signaling. A crystallographic dimer interface between two HGF β-chains brings two HGF β:Met complexes together, suggesting a possible mechanism of Met receptor dimerization and activation by HGF

Topics: Article
Publisher: Nature Publishing Group
Year: 2004
DOI identifier: 10.1038/sj.emboj.7600243
OAI identifier: oai:pubmedcentral.nih.gov:423285
Provided by: PubMed Central
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