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Extracellular Esterases of Group A Streptococci

By Seiki Hayano and Atsuko Tanaka

Abstract

Methods were devised to prepare and estimate quantitatively the extracellular esterases of group A streptococci (STE). Two types of esterase preparations were prepared, corresponding to Stock and Lynn's serotype I (STE I) and II (STE II). The former was prepared from Streptococcus pyogenes strain SS379 (group A, type 40), and the latter from S. pyogenes strain 69882 (group A, type 49). Effects of cupric acetate, sera of various animals, and rabbit antisera to STE I and II on the activities of STE were tested. Cupric acetate added in substrate solution inhibited the activities of STE according to the concentration of cupric acetate. Sera of various animals (calf, guinea pig, horse, sheep, and pig) stimulated the activities of STE and protected them from the inhibitory effect of cupric acetate. Among the sera of various animals, horse serum gave the most potent activating and protecting effect, and was the serum from which the effective factor (horse serum-activating factor, HAF) was extracted by precipitation with ammonium sulfate. STE I was not stimulated by serum or HAF as markedly as STE II, but both enzymes were protected likewise by serum or HAF from the inhibition of cupric acetate. Antibodies to STE I and II were prepared in rabbits. Their effects on STE resembled that of HAF, but differed from the latter in immunological specificity. Activities of STE were stimulated and protected more markedly by homologous antiserum than by heterologous antiserum or normal rabbit serum. Applying suitable conditions, we defined the potency of STE and differentiated antibodies to STE I and II and normal serum quantitatively

Topics: Pathogenic Mechanisms, Ecology, and Epidemiology
Year: 1973
OAI identifier: oai:pubmedcentral.nih.gov:422722
Provided by: PubMed Central
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