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Cell-mediated immune response to products of Actinomyces viscosus cultures.

By D W Turner, B S Roberson and R W Longton


Hartley strain guinea pigs were sensitized with 0.5 ml of concentrated cell-free Actinomyces viscosus culture supernatant fluids mixed with Freund complete adjuvant. Fourteen to 16 days later the animals were challenged by intradermal injection with 0.1 ml of the culture supernatant, and the reactions were observed at 4, 8, 16, 24, and 48 h. Peritoneal exudate cells from sensitized animals were used for determination of migration inhibition factor, and guinea pig peripheral blood served as a source of cells for determining the induction of mitogenesis by antigenic material. Skin responses were consistently positive to challenge with the test material, whereas reactions to noninoculated culture medium were negative. Sensitized cells, challenged with antigen, resulted in 60% or greater inhibition of migration of indicator cells in migration inhibition factor experiments. Tests for mitogenesis showed a greater than fourfold increase in isotope uptake when sensitized cells were challenged with test material. The data are consistent with the suggestion that A. viscosus culture supernatants contain substances that induce cell-mediated immune responses in guinea pigs

Topics: Research Article
Year: 1976
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Provided by: PubMed Central
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