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Policy brief. HIV prevention, treatment and care in prisons and other closed settings: a comprehensive package of interventions.

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Abstract

This paper is designed to support countries in mounting an effective response to HIV and AIDS in prisons and other closed settings. It takes into consideration principles of international law, including international rules, guidelines, declarations and covenants governing prison health, international standards of medical ethics and international labour In providing guidance to national authorities charged with the management and oversight of prisons and closed settings, it is aimed at supporting decision makers in ministries of justice, authorities responsible for closed settings and ministries of health, as well as authorities responsible for workplace safety and occupational health, in planning and implementing a response to HIV in closed settings. 15 key interventions: 1. Information, education and communication 2. HIV testing and counselling 3. Treatment, care and support 4. Prevention, diagnosis and treatment of tuberculosis 5. Prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV 6. Condom programmes 7. Prevention and treatment of sexually transmitted infections 8. Prevention of sexual violence 9. Drug dependence treatment 10. Needle and syringe programmes 11. Vaccination, diagnosis and treatment of viral hepatitis 12. Post-exposure prophylaxis 13. Prevention of transmission through medical or dental services 14. Prevention of transmission through tattooing, piercing and other forms of skin penetration 15. Protecting staff from occupational hazard

Topics: Prison-based health service, HIV prevention, Prison, International, HIV, Prison Inmate (prisoner)
Publisher: United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime
Year: 2012
OAI identifier: oai:generic.eprints.org:18171/core821

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