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Delayed hypersensitivity and acquired cellular resistance in guinea pigs infected with Listeria monocytogenes.

By B L Halliburton and A A Blazkovec


Randomly bred pigs of both sexes were injected intracardially with one-half of a 50% lethal dose of Listeria monocytogenes. When infected animals were skin tested with 30 mug of a water-soluble extract of sonically disrupted Listeria, both males and females had uniformly detectable levels of delayed hypersensitivity (DH) 4 days after infection. In males, cutaneous hypersensitivity to Listeria antigens reached a peak on day 5 or 6 of infection, and high levels of DH persisted through the 7th week. In females, DH reached a peak on day 6 or 7, remained at this level through the 4th week, and then dropped sharply. Cutaneous reactivity was usually higher for males than for females, and differences between the sexes were statistically significant 5, 6, and 7 weeks after infection. Low levels of DH were still present 41 weeks (females) or 46 weeks (males) after infection. Assays to determine the number of viable Listeria present in spleen homogenates indicated that bacterial multiplication occurred only during the first 24 hours of infection. The number of Listeria declined steadily thereafter, and by day 13 no bacteria could be recovered from the spleens of infected animals. Spleen assays indicated that Listeria-infected animals of both sexes were resistant to a small challenge dose of Listeria given 48 hours, 7 days, or 2 weeks after the primary infection. Resistance to re-infection was absent in females challenged at 41 weeks and in males challenged at 46 weeks

Topics: Research Article
Year: 1975
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Provided by: PubMed Central
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