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Isolation of Substances Responsible for Lymphokine Activity from Sensitized Mouse Spleen Cells

By P. L. Sandok, R. D. Hinsdill and R. M. Albrecht


Cultures of brucella-sensitized mouse spleen cells exposed to Brucella abortus antigens in vitro release macrophage migration inhibition factor (MIF) and macrophage spreading factor. Subjecting the supernatants from such cultures to preparative scale electrophoresis in acrylamide gel yields several fractions, one of which contains both MIF and macrophage spreading factor. This material has properties attributable to guinea pig MIF: it is nondialyzable, heat stable, nontoxic to macrophages from heterologous murine donors, and has a greater anodal electrophoretic mobility than guinea pig serum albumin. Another fraction from the gel column inhibits macrophage spreading; its electrophoretic mobility is similar to that of guinea pig gamma globulin. Neither brucella antigen nor skin reactive substances were detectable in any acrylamide gel column fraction when tested by the mouse footpad induration assay technique

Topics: Immunology
Year: 1974
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Provided by: PubMed Central
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