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Inhibition of host resistance by nutritional hypercholesteremia.

By W L Kos, R M Loria, M J Snodgrass, D Cohen, T G Thorpe and A M Kaplan

Abstract

Previous experiments showed that nutritionally induced hypercholesteremia in mice caused an increase in susceptibility to coxsackievirus B, with a marked suppression of cellular infiltrates in infected tissues and an increased mortality. The present studies demonstrated that a hypercholesteremic diet was associated with an inhibition in host resistance as measured by susceptibility to Listeria monocytogenes infection and the growth of two transplanted syngeneic murine tumors. Moreover, the ability of Corynebacterium parvum to induce regression of a transplanted methylcholanthrene-induced fibrosarcoma was inhibited in hypercholesteremic hosts, as was the histiocytic infiltration normally accompanying C. parvum inoculation. In contrast, the peritoneal macrophages from C. parvum-treated hypercholesteremic mice were indistinguishable from similarly treated macrophages from normal mice with respect to their in vitro tumoricidal activity and the presence of a cell surface antigen associated with activated macrophages. Hypercholesteremia was also associated with a decreased antibody response to sheep erythrocytes in vivo, but dit not appear to exert a detrimental effect on B- or T-cell blastogenesis when tested in vitro. The findings that the hypercholesteremic diet was associated with an impairment in the host immune response and increased susceptibility to viral, bacterial, and tumor cell challenge are discussed with respect to virus-lipid interactions in the pathogenesis of atherogenesis and diabetes mellitus

Topics: Research Article
Year: 1979
OAI identifier: oai:pubmedcentral.nih.gov:414667
Provided by: PubMed Central
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