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Nucleotide sequence of the insertion sequence found in the T-DNA region of mutant Ti plasmid pTiA66 and distribution of its homologues in octopine Ti plasmid.

By Y Machida, M Sakurai, S Kiyokawa, A Ubasawa, Y Suzuki and J E Ikeda


The octopine tumor-inducing (Ti) plasmid pTiA66 has an insertion mutation in its T region (the DNA region incorporated into the plant genome) that results in the slow growth of crown gall tumors. These tumors exhibit hormonal autonomy different from that of the crown gall tumors caused by wild-type Ti plasmids. In the present study, the nucleotide sequences of both the DNA segment inserted into pTiA66 and its target site have been determined. The inserted segment is 2548 base pairs long and has 20-base-pair terminal inverted repeats. An 8-base-pair sequence at the target site is duplicated at both integration junctions. These structural features of the insert suggest that it is a bacterial insertion sequence (IS) element, which we have named IS66. Blot-hybridization analyses using IS66 probes revealed that genomes of octopine Ti plasmids contain at least three sequences homologous to IS66: two homologues are located in the virulence region and one is located between the left-hand (TL-DNA) and right-hand (TR-DNA) portions of T-DNA. The chromosome of Agrobacterium tumefaciens A66 also contains two sequences highly homologous to IS66. These results suggest that the mutant pTiA66 plasmid was generated by translocation of one of the sequences showing homology with IS66 into the T region. The fact that a sequence homologous to IS66 is present between TL-DNA and TR-DNA also suggests that the octopine T region was split into two portions, TL-DNA and TR-DNA, by translocation of IS66 or its relatives. Thus, IS66 may cause genetic and structural variations of the T region and the vir region of the octopine Ti plasmids

Topics: Research Article
Year: 1984
DOI identifier: 10.1073/pnas.81.23.7495
OAI identifier:
Provided by: PubMed Central
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