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Remission of leukemia and loss of feline leukemia virus in cats injected with Staphylococcus protein A: association with increased circulating interferon and complement-dependent cytotoxic antibody.

By W T Liu, R A Good, L Q Trang, R W Engelman and N K Day

Abstract

We have injected purified Staphylococcus aureus protein A intraperitoneally into leukemic cats infected with feline leukemia virus, into cats persistently infected with feline leukemia virus but without hematologic or cytologic abnormalities, and into healthy cats without feline leukemia virus infection. Pre- and post-treatment serum samples were evaluated sequentially for interferon activity and for complement-dependent cytotoxic antibody. Our results indicate that serum interferon increased dramatically (less than 3 to 324 units/ml) during treatment only in cats that responded to staphylococcal protein A therapy. Increase of interferon preceded or was closely associated with increasing levels of cytotoxic antibody, loss of viremia, and correction of cytological and hematological abnormalities of three leukemic cats. The cytotoxic antibody was shown to be specific for envelope glycoprotein gp70 of the feline leukemia virus. One persistently feline leukemia virus-infected cat without leukemia that became nonviremic also developed high levels of interferon and specific cytotoxic antibody. By contrast, interferon levels of cats not responding to treatment had levels of less than 3 to 27 units/ml. Normal healthy cats injected with staphylococcal protein A showed moderate transient increases of interferon but no detectable cytotoxic antibodies to FL-74 cells. These data suggest that interferon and cytotoxic antibody may play important, possibly complementary roles in inducing remission of leukemia and loss of viremia in cats treated with staphylococcal protein A

Topics: Research Article
Year: 1984
DOI identifier: 10.1073/pnas.81.20.6471
OAI identifier: oai:pubmedcentral.nih.gov:391946
Provided by: PubMed Central
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