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Inhibition of Fungal Growth in the Cultural Isolation of Mycobacteria

By R. S. Merkal and W. D. Richards


Antifungal antibiotics were compared to determine their usefulness in primary mycobacterial cultures. Amphotericin B was found to be more effective in preventing fungal growth from bovine fecal specimens than were cycloheximide, nystatin, and tetracycline. Amphotericin B did not affect the growth rate of the following Mycobacterium species: M. avium, M. bovis, M. intracellulare, M. paratuberculosis, M. phlei, or M. tuberculosis, but it inhibited the growth of M. fortuitum. There was no observable effect on numbers of colonies of M. paratuberculosis on primary isolation from fecal specimens. It is recommended that, for the primary isolation of pathogenic mycobacteria from specimens likely to contain fungi, the inoculum should be pretreated with benzalkonium chloride, followed by mixing with amphotericin B or inoculation onto media containing amphotericin B

Topics: Clinical Microbiology and Immunology
Year: 1972
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Provided by: PubMed Central
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