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Antiviral Activity of a bis-Benzimidazole Against Experimental Rhinovirus Infections in Chimpanzees

By N. L. Shipkowitz, R. R. Bower, J. B. Schleicher, F. Aquino, R. N. Appell and W. R. Roderick

Abstract

The marked antiviral activity of (S,S-1,2-bis(5-methoxy-2-benzimidazolyl)-1,2-ethanediol (Abbott 36683) against rhinoviruses in tissue culture warranted investigation of its antiviral activity in vivo. Antiviral levels in mouse sera were attained with an oral dose as small as 10 mg/kg and detectable antiviral levels of drug were also found in lung, liver, kidney, intestinal contents, and urine of mice given a single 300 mg/kg oral dose. Antiviral serum levels were also obtained when monkeys were given a single oral dose of Abbott 36683. Six chimpanzees were infected with 100 median tissue culture infective dose units (TCID(50)) of rhinovirus 30. Three of the animals were treated with Abbott 36683, 100 mg/kg daily for 4 consecutive days. Virus shedding occurred in the infected controls but could not be demonstrated in the treated animals from postinfection days 1 to 8. Two of the treated animals did, however, shed virus on day 9. The compound was retested in chimpanzees at dosage levels of 15 and 50 mg/kg daily for 4 days. Each animal was challenged with 100 TCID(50) of rhinovirus 49. Partial protection was obtained. In a third trial, a single 100 mg/kg dose of the compound was administered to chimpanzees infected with rhinovirus 44. Virus was isolated from all throat smears taken from treated animals, indicating that at the lowest drug level no protection occurred

Topics: Clinical Microbiology, Virology, and Immunology
Year: 1972
OAI identifier: oai:pubmedcentral.nih.gov:380288
Provided by: PubMed Central
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