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Heterotrophic Potential for Amino Acid Uptake in a Naturally Eutrophic Lake

By B. Kent Burnison and Richard Y. Morita


The uptake of sixteen (14)C-labeled amino acids by the indigenous heterotrophic microflora of Upper Klamath Lake, Oregon, was measured using the kinetic approach. The year-long study showed a seasonal variation in the maximum uptake velocity, V(max), of all the amino acids which was proportional to temperature. The maximum total flux of amino acids by the heterotrophic microflora ranged from 1.2 to 11.9 μmol of C per liter per day (spring to summer). Glutamate, asparagine, aspartate, and serine had the highest V(max) values and were respired to the greatest extent. The percentages of the gross (net + respired) uptake of the amino acids which were respired to CO(2) ranged from 2% for leucine to 63% for glutamate. Serine, lysine, and glycine were the most abundant amino acids found in Upper Klamath Lake surface water; at intermediate concentrations were alanine, aspartate, and threonine; and the remaining amino acids were always below 7.5 × 10(-8) M (10 μg/liter). The amino acid concentrations determined chemically appear to be the sum of free and adsorbed amino acids, since the values obtained were usually greater than the (K(t) + S(n)) values obtained by the heterotrophic uptake experiments

Topics: Environmental Microbiology and Ecology
Year: 1974
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Provided by: PubMed Central
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