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Control of an Estuarine Microfouling Sequence on Optical Surfaces Using Low-Intensity Ultraviolet Irradiation

By L. H. DiSalvo and A. B. Cobet

Abstract

Ultraviolet light has been investigated as an active energy input for the control of slime film formation on optical surfaces submerged in San Francisco Bay for periods up to 6 weeks. Irradiation of quartz underwater windows was carried out from three positions: (i) exterior to the window, (ii) from directly behind the window, and (iii) from the edge of the window with the ultraviolet (UV) energy refracted through the front of the window. Internally administered irradiation reaching levels of 10 to 30 μW per cm(2) measurable at the glass surface was effective in preventing bacterial slime film formation and settlement of metazoan larvae. When administered from the external position, over one order of magnitude more (500 to 600 μW/cm(2)) UV energy was required to accomplish the same result. Irradiation from the edge position was most promising logistically and was effective in fouling control for 6 weeks. The results provide a preliminary quantitation of the energy requirement for control of the marine microfouling sequence which precedes development of macrofouling communities

Topics: Environmental Microbiology and Ecology
Year: 1974
OAI identifier: oai:pubmedcentral.nih.gov:379988
Provided by: PubMed Central
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