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Bidirectional Transepithelial IgG Transport by a Strongly Polarized Basolateral Membrane Fcγ-Receptor

By Steven M. Claypool, Bonny L. Dickinson, Jessica S. Wagner, Finn-Eirik Johansen, Nanda Venu, Jason A. Borawski, Wayne I. Lencer and Richard S. Blumberg

Abstract

The human MHC class I–related neonatal Fc receptor, hFcRn, mediates bidirectional transport of IgG across mucosal barriers. Here, we find that at steady state hFcRn distributes predominantly to an apical intracellular compartment and almost exclusively to the basolateral cell surface of polarized epithelial cells. It moves only transiently to the apical membrane. Ligand binding does not redistribute the steady state location of the receptor. Removal of the cytoplasmic tail that contains di-leucine and tryptophan-based endocytosis motifs or incubation at low temperature (18°C) redistributes the receptor apically. The rates of endocytosis of the full-length hFcRn from the apical or basolateral membrane domains, however, are equal. Thus, the strong cell surface polarity displayed by hFcRn results from dominant basolateral sorting by motifs in the cytoplasmic tail that nonetheless allows for a cycle of bidirectional transcytosis

Topics: Articles
Publisher: The American Society for Cell Biology
Year: 2004
DOI identifier: 10.1091/mbc.E03-11-0832
OAI identifier: oai:pubmedcentral.nih.gov:379272
Provided by: PubMed Central
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