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Sexual Violence in Armed Conflict Response and Actions undertaken by the Organisations of the United Nations

By Élisa Riquier

Abstract

In 2000, the Security Council of the United Nations adopted the resolution 1325, implementing the agenda “Women, Peace and Security”, which constitutes a milestone in the full recognition of the importance to address sexual violence in armed conflict, and increase the participation of women in decision-making and peace processes, in order to address the roots of gender-based violence.The first part of this essay will be addressing in a detailed way the phenomenon of conflictrelated sexual violence and the legal provisions within international humanitarian law and international human rights law that address the issue, in order to protect women from sexual violence in conflict. The second part will deal more specifically with the response given by the United Nations to the issue of sexual violence in conflict, through the implementation of the agenda “Women, Peace and Security”, established by the resolution 1325 adopted by the Security Council of the United Nations. The reasons for the difficult implementation of this agenda and the gap remaining between the legal framework, and the different institutions created by the agenda, and the weak implementation on the ground will then be analysed.If sexual violence in armed conflict happens extensively on men and women, this essay will only address the issue of sexual violence against women in conflict

Topics: Organisations of the United Nations, Sexual violence, Conflict, [SHS.SCIPO]Humanities and Social Sciences/Political science
Publisher: HAL CCSD
Year: 2015
OAI identifier: oai:HAL:dumas-01270568v1
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