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Long-term trends of chemical and modelled photochemical parameters in four Alpine lakes

By Marco Minella, Barbara Leoni, Nico Salmaso, Liliane Savoye, Ruben Sommaruga and Davide Vione

Abstract

International audienceBased on long-term trends of water chemistry parameters of photochemical significance from four lakes located in the Alps (Iseo, Garda, Piburgersee, Geneva), we calculated the corresponding steady-state concentrations of photoinduced transient species with an ad-hoc photochemical model. Such transients were the hydroxyl ((OH)-O-center dot) and carbonate (CO3') radicals, singlet oxygen (O-1(2)), and the triplet states of chromophoric dissolved organic matter ((CDOM)-C-3*). Among the investigated lakes, Lake Iseo, for example, showed a long-term near-stability in chemical parameters that resulted in a photochemical stability. By contrast, Piburgersee underwent important chemical modifications, but the interplay of compensation (parallel increase of both inorganic and organic carbon) and near-saturation effects (organic matter as main (OH)-O-center dot source and sink) prevented the modelled photochemistry to undergo significant shifts over time. This result suggests the occurrence of a sort of "photochemical buffering" in some lake ecosystems, which would dampen modifications of the steady-state concentration of the photochemically-formed reactive transients, even in the case of significant changes in water chemistry. Finally, in lakes Garda and Geneva, long-term changes in water chemistry had an effect on photochemistry. While in Lake Garda the small increase in DOM was associated to a small increase in O-1(2) and (CDOM)-C-3*, in Lake Geneva, the increases in pH and bicarbonate and the decrease in nitrite resulted in an (OH)-O-center dot decrease. Overall, our results predict very different lake photochemistry patterns in relation to alterations in water chemistry parameters caused by climate change, such as changes in water alkalinity and dissolved organic carbon concentration

Topics: Environmental photochemistry, Long-term trends, Seasonal trends, Indirect photochemistry, Climate change, [SDV]Life Sciences [q-bio]
Publisher: 'Elsevier BV'
Year: 2016
DOI identifier: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2015.08.149
OAI identifier: oai:HAL:hal-02635307v1
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