Article thumbnail

Synthesis and adsorption behavior of mesoporous alumina and Fe-doped alumina for the removal of dominant arsenic species in contaminated waters

By Natalia Soledad Inchaurrondo, Carla Di Luca, Maria Fernanda Mori, A. Pintar, G. Zerjav, M. Valiente and C. Palet

Abstract

Ordered mesoporous Al 2 O 3 and Fe-Al 2 O 3 materials were synthesized at room temperature by an easy and environmentally friendly self-assembly sol-gel route, to be tested for arsenic removal. Solid samples were thoroughly characterized by several techniques. Synthetized and commercial alumina samples were evaluated as adsorbents for the removal of dominant arsenic species under a wide pH range (3.6-11.5). The mesoporous alumina showed higher adsorption capacity (90 mg/g As(V), pH eq 4) than commercial alumina (54 mg/g As(V), pH eq 4), due to its amorphous structure, uniform accessible mesopores and higher surface acidity. The Fe bearing material exhibited strong As affinity. As(III) adsorption resulted much lower than for arsenate (maximum uptake of 16 mg/g, at pH 8), since As(III)-adsorbent interaction is only based on weak Van der Waals force. Arsenic isotherms adjusted well to the Freundlich model and more accurately to the three parameters Siṕs model. The kinetics results fitted the Elovich model. As pH increased, adsorption capacity decreased due to the reduction of electrostatic interactions. Under alkaline conditions arsenic desorption was achieved, although the stability of the material was compromised. The presence of several interfering ions was evaluated. Phosphate ions showed the highest interference. The use of a tap water matrix increased As(V) adsorption, encouraging the use of these materials in the treatment of real polluted waters.Fil: Inchaurrondo, Natalia Soledad. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Centro Científico Tecnológico Conicet - Mar del Plata. Instituto de Investigaciones en Ciencia y Tecnología de Materiales. Universidad Nacional de Mar del Plata. Facultad de Ingeniería. Instituto de Investigaciones en Ciencia y Tecnología de Materiales; ArgentinaFil: Di Luca, Carla. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Centro Científico Tecnológico Conicet - Mar del Plata. Instituto de Investigaciones en Ciencia y Tecnología de Materiales. Universidad Nacional de Mar del Plata. Facultad de Ingeniería. Instituto de Investigaciones en Ciencia y Tecnología de Materiales; ArgentinaFil: Mori, Maria Fernanda. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Centro Científico Tecnológico Conicet - Santa Fe. Instituto de Investigaciones en Catálisis y Petroquímica "Ing. José Miguel Parera". Universidad Nacional del Litoral. Instituto de Investigaciones en Catálisis y Petroquímica "Ing. José Miguel Parera"; ArgentinaFil: Pintar, A.. Department For Environmental Sciences And Engineering;Fil: Zerjav, G.. Department For Environmental Sciences And Engineering;Fil: Valiente, M.. Gts, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona;Fil: Palet, C.. Gts, Universitat Autónoma de Barcelona

Topics: MESOPOROUS ALUMINA, FE DOPED ALUMINA, AS(III) AND AS(V) REMOVAL, ADSORPTION MECHANISM, Otras Ingeniería del Medio Ambiente, Ingeniería del Medio Ambiente, INGENIERÍAS Y TECNOLOGÍAS
Publisher: 'Elsevier BV'
Year: 2019
DOI identifier: 10.1016/j.jece.2019.102901
OAI identifier: oai:ri.conicet.gov.ar:11336/107994
Provided by: CONICET Digital
Journal:
Download PDF:
Sorry, we are unable to provide the full text but you may find it at the following location(s):
  • http://hdl.handle.net/11336/10... (external link)
  • Suggested articles


    To submit an update or takedown request for this paper, please submit an Update/Correction/Removal Request.