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An Experimental Reproduction of Necrotic Enteritis in Broiler Chickens

By Leandro Martin Redondo, Enzo Alejandro Redondo, Fernando Oscar Delgado, Luciano Francisco la Sala and Mariano Enrique Fernandez Miyakawa

Abstract

Clostridium perfringens is the main causative agent of avian necrotic enteritis (NE), an enteric infectious disease considered among the most important diseases in the poultry industry. Currently, there are numerous reports of experimental reproduction of NE using different inoculation protocols along with various predisposing factors which produce highly variable results. These models represent a fraction of a wide range of farming conditions under which disease can develop. This work describes the experimental induction of C. perfringens NE in broiler chickens after a short feed withdrawal of 12 hours prior to bacterial challenge. Broiler chicks fed with commercial chick starter for 14 days post-hatch were afterwards offered feed mixed with C. perfringens twice a day for three consecutive days. On average, over 60% of challenged birds developed typical gross lesions. The results show that it is possible to reproduce the disease under conditions similar to those found in poultry farms which are not covered by other developed models. This model proved to be effective in the experimental reproduction of NE, allowing the evaluation of pathological parameters.Fil: Redondo, Leandro Martin. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas; Argentina. Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Agropecuaria. Centro de Investigación en Ciencias Veterinarias y Agronómicas. Instituto de Patobiología; ArgentinaFil: Redondo, Enzo Alejandro. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas; Argentina. Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Agropecuaria. Centro de Investigación en Ciencias Veterinarias y Agronómicas. Instituto de Patobiología; ArgentinaFil: Delgado, Fernando Oscar. Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Agropecuaria. Centro de Investigación en Ciencias Veterinarias y Agronómicas. Instituto de Patobiología; ArgentinaFil: la Sala, Luciano Francisco. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Centro Científico Tecnológico Conicet - Bahía Blanca. Instituto de Ciencias Biológicas y Biomédicas del Sur. Universidad Nacional del Sur. Departamento de Biología, Bioquímica y Farmacia. Instituto de Ciencias Biológicas y Biomédicas del Sur; ArgentinaFil: Fernandez Miyakawa, Mariano Enrique. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas; Argentina. Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Agropecuaria. Centro de Investigación en Ciencias Veterinarias y Agronómicas. Instituto de Patobiología; Argentin

Topics: CLOSTRIDIUM PERFRINGENS, EXPERIMENTAL MODEL, BROILER, NECROTIC ENTERITIS, Otras Ciencias Veterinarias, Ciencias Veterinarias, CIENCIAS AGRÍCOLAS
Publisher: 'Avens Publishing Group'
Year: 2016
DOI identifier: 10.13188/2325-4645.1000020
OAI identifier: oai:ri.conicet.gov.ar:11336/114569
Provided by: CONICET Digital
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