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Appropriate-for-gestational-age infants who exhibit reduced antenatal growth velocity display postnatal catch-up growth

By EJ McLaughlin, RJ Hiscock, AJ Robinson, L Hui, S Tong, KM Dane, AL Middleton, SP Walker and TM MacDonald

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Postnatally, small-for-gestational-age (SGA; birthweight 20 customised estimated fetal weight centiles), and AGA-NG to determine if catch-up growth occurred. In addition, we compared the rates of catch-up growth (defined as an increase in weight age-adjusted z-score of ≥0.67 over 1 year) between the groups with Fisher's exact tests. RESULTS: Of 158 (46%) infant growth records received, 146 were AGA, with low antenatal growth velocity occurring in 34/146 (23.2%). Rates of gestational diabetes and SGA birthweight were higher in those lost to follow-up. Compared to AGA-NG infants, AGA-FGR infants had significantly lower predicted mean weight (p<0.001), length (p = 0.04) and BMI (p = 0.001) z-scores at birth. These significant differences were no longer evident at 4 months, suggesting that catch-up growth had occurred. As expected, the catch-up growth that occurred among the AGA-FGR was not as great in magnitude as that demonstrated by the SGA. When assessed categorically, there was no significant difference between the rate of catch-up growth among the AGA-FGR and the SGA. Catch-up growth was significantly more frequent among both the AGA-FGR and the SGA groups compared to the AGA-NG. CONCLUSIONS: AGA infants that have exhibited reduced antenatal fetal growth velocity also exhibit significant catch-up growth in the first 12 months of life. This finding represents further evidence that AGA fetuses that slow in growth during pregnancy do so due to UPI

Publisher: 'Public Library of Science (PLoS)'
Year: 2020
DOI identifier: 10.1371/journal.pone.0238700
OAI identifier: oai:jupiter.its.unimelb.edu.au:11343/251556
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