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Optical absorption spectrum of single-walled carbon nanotubes dispersed in sodium cholate and sodium dodecyl sulfate

By Inderpreet Singh, P.K. Bhatnagar, P.C. Mathur and L.M. Bharadwaj


Commercially procured single-walled carbon nanotubes were dispersed in 2 wt% solution of sodium cholate and also in 1 wt% solution of sodium dodecyl sulfate. The absorption spectrum of the suspensions was studied in ultraviolet–visible–near-infrared (UV–vis–NIR) range. Two distinct bands, each containing three peaks, were observed in NIR range for both the suspensions. These peaks correspond to transitions between van Hove singularities E11 and E22 in the density of states of the semiconducting nanotubes. Comparing positions of the observed peaks with the empirical Kataura plot, the diameters and chiralities of the nanotubes were estimated. Using tight binding approximations, the diameter of the nanotubes was also estimated theoretically. Discrepancies between the theoretically calculated diameters and those obtained by empirical Kataura plots are found to be higher for E11 peaks. It has been suggested that the reason for this discrepancy is that the observed E11 peaks are blue-shifted due to Coulomb interactions and exciton formation

Topics: Nano Science and Nano Technology
Publisher: Materials Research Society
Year: 2008
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