Biochemical changes in isolated hepatocytes exposed to tert-butyl hydroperoxide. Implications for its cytotoxicity.


When isolated hepatocytes were exposed to tert-butyl hydroperoxide (tBOOH) they lost their cellular membrane integrity. Decreased levels of GSH, increased phosphorylase a activity (an indirect index of the amount of free cytosolic Ca2+), and increase in the formation of malondialdehyde (MDA)-like products (an index of lipid peroxidation) preceded the release into the culture medium of the cytosolic enzyme lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), indicating that this later process was the consequence of the former intracellular events. While ATP levels were not modified during the incubation of cells with increasing concentrations of tBOOH, protein synthesis was decreased in a concentration-dependent manner. The glycogen content decreased at the same time as the increase in LDH leakage. The addition of promethazine (PMZ) an antioxidant molecule, prevented the lipid peroxidation, but did not protect cells against the oxidative effects of tBOOH, including loss of membrane integrity. Nevertheless, the addition of GSH to cell suspensions incubated with tBOOH, decreased the formation of MDA-like products, restored the protein synthesis rate, prevented partially the activation of phosphorylase a and preserved cell viability. On the basis of these results, we postulate that both GSH depletion and modification in phosphorylase a activity (Ca2+ levels) were the most relevant intracellular events to explain the cytotoxicity of tBOOH

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oai:dial.uclouvain.be:boreal:11409Last time updated on 5/14/2016

This paper was published in DIAL UCLouvain.

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