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"é bom faze-los, mas não os ter": análise da violência obstétrica durante a atenção do parto na Colômbia

By Viviana Valeria MSc Vallana Sala

Abstract

Introducción: se analizan, desde una perspectiva feminista, algunas formas de maltrato y violación de los derechos humanos, sexuales y reproductivos de las mujeres durante la atención del embarazo y parto, fenómeno conocido como violencia obstétrica. Desarrollo: se analizan las historias de embarazo/parto de seis mujeres que parieron sus hijos/as en instituciones hospitalarias, tanto públicas como privadas, así como la autoetnografía de los dos embarazos/partos de la autora, para analizar las maneras en las que las mujeres describen y dan sentido a sus experiencias de violencia obstétrica durante la atención de su parto. En el artículo, se visibilizan las diversas formas de violencia que componen la violencia obstétrica, como institucional, física, verbal, psicológica y simbólica. Conclusiones: se aportan algunos elementos que, a juicio de las mujeres y de la Organización Mundial de la Salud, deben transformarse para garantizar un trato digno y el derecho a un parto y nacimiento en condiciones de respeto y seguridad.Introduction: This article analyzes some forms of mistreatment and violation of the human, sexual and reproductive rights of women during the pregnancy, delivery and childbirth care, phenomenon known as obstetric violence. Development: It analyzes the pregnancy/childbirth histories of six women who gave birth their children in public and private hospitals, as well as the auto-ethnography of the two pregnancies/delivery of the author; to analyze the ways in which women describe and give meaning to their experiences of obstetric violence during their delivery care. In the article, the different forms of violence that make up obstetric violence are visualized, such as institutional, physical, verbal, psychological and symbolic violence. Conclusions: Analyzing the elements that, in the opinion of women and the World Health Organization, must be transformed to guarantee a dignified care and the right to a delivery and birth in conditions of respect and security

Topics: Obstetric violence, pregnancy, delivery, childbirth, human rights, sexual and reproductive rights, respected delivery, obstetrics, violencia obstétrica, embarazo, parto, derechos humanos, derechos sexuales y reproductivos, parto respetado, obstetricia, violência obstétrica, gravidez, parto, direitos humanos, direitos sexuais e reprodutivos, parto respeitado, obstetrícia
Publisher: 'Colegio Mayor de Nuestra Senora del Rosario'
Year: 2020
DOI identifier: 10.12804/revistas.urosario.edu.co/revsalud/a.8125
OAI identifier: oai:repository.urosario.edu.co:10336/29496
Provided by: edocUR
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