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Morphological development of basin-scale silica diagenetic fronts revealed with 2D seismic reflection data: offshore Sakhalin, Russian Far East

By D. Meadows and R. J. Davies

Abstract

Two-dimensional (21)) seismic reflection data reveal two silica diagenctic boundaries located in the North Sakhalin Basin, offshore Sakhalin Island. These boundaries form distinctive high-amplitude seismic reflections that predominantly cross-cut Miocene stratigraphy. The boundaries represent the opal-A to opal-CT (cristobalite and tridymite) transition and the subsequent deeper opal-CT to quartz transition and cover an area of c. 107000 km(2). The reflections represent diagenetic reaction fronts that advance through silica-rich host sediments during burial. The oldest strata within which the diagenetic fronts have been identified are of Miocene age and the fronts commonly show a parallel relationship to a Late Miocene unconformity. These diagenetic fronts develop a variety of morphological forms. In the North Sakhalin Basin these front geometries are probably the result of the interference of the diagenetic fronts with inclined and folded stratigraphy together with lateral changes in the composition and, therefore, depth of transformation of the sediment. We define criteria for, the recognition of these 2D cross-sectional morphological elements and by so doing provide the basis for the objective description and categorization of diagenetic front geometry

Publisher: 'Geological Society of London'
Year: 2007
DOI identifier: 10.1144/0016-76492006-163
OAI identifier: oai:oceanrep.geomar.de:32144
Provided by: OceanRep
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