The interactions of several beta-lactam antibiotics with the penicillin-binding proteins (PBPs) of Streptococcus pneumoniae have been studied using whole organisms treated with such antibiotics and subsequently with [3H]benzylpenicillin. Differences in chemical structure were shown to cause major and selective changes in the affinities of the beta-lactams for the PBPs Only 4 of the 28 compounds tested induced a specific morphological effect (enlargement of the equatorial region) under the particular conditions tested. In 12 of the 18 beta-lactams studied, a close correlation was found between the minimal inhibitory concentrations and the concentrations required to half-saturate PBP2b. However, such a correlation was no longer apparent when the bacteria were treated with the antibiotics at their minimal inhibitory concentrations. These findings are discussed in the context of various approaches that have been used to identify the growth-inhibitory targets of beta-lactam antibiotics in bacteria
To submit an update or takedown request for this paper, please submit an Update/Correction/Removal Request.