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Natural antibody responses against the non-repeat-sequence-based B-cell epitopes of the Plasmodium falciparum circumsporozoite protein.

By Y P Shi, V Udhayakumar, M P Alpers, M M Povoa, A J Oloo, T K Ruebush and A A Lal

Abstract

Synthetic peptides and human serum or plasma samples from regions of Brazil, Papua New Guinea, and Kenya in which malaria is endemic were used to identify B-cell epitopes localized outside the repeat region of the circumsporozoite (CS) protein of the human malaria parasite Plasmodium falciparum. In agreement with recent observations, our results confirm the presence of two non-repeat-region-based B-cell epitopes of the CS protein. Of these two epitopes, only the region I epitope (KPKHKKLKQPGDGNP) was previously shown to be recognized by human sera. In this study, we show that human immune sera from malarious regions recognize another B-cell epitope, ENANANNAV, that resides carboxyl to the repeat region. The present study reveals that (i) the repeat-sequence (NANP)-based B-cell epitope of the CS protein is an immunogenic but not immunodominant epitope; (ii) the natural expression of antibody responses to the two non-repeat-region-based B-cell epitopes of the CS protein varies in different populations in which malaria is endemic; (iii) although the host immune responses to the non-repeat-region-based B-cell epitopes increase as a function of host age, this increase is not statistically significant for the region I epitope but is significant for the other epitope; and (iv) the Th1R T-cell site but not the Th2R or Th3R T-cell site induces an antibody response in the human host. This study confirms the immunogenic potential of non-repeat-region-based B-cell epitopes and suggests that antibody pressures may also contribute to the maintenance of the antigenic diversity of the CS protein

Topics: Research Article
Year: 1993
OAI identifier: oai:pubmedcentral.nih.gov:280865
Provided by: PubMed Central
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