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Molecular cloning of the alpha subunit of human and guinea pig leukocyte adhesion glycoprotein Mo1: chromosomal localization and homology to the alpha subunits of integrins.

By M A Arnaout, E Remold-O'Donnell, M W Pierce, P Harris and D G Tenen

Abstract

The cell-surface glycoprotein Mo1 is a member of the family of leukocyte cell adhesion molecules (Leu-CAMs) that includes lymphocyte function-associated antigen 1 (LFA-1) and p150,95. Each Leu-CAM is a heterodimer with a distinct alpha subunit noncovalently associated with a common beta subunit. Leu-CAMs play crucial roles in cell-cell and cell-matrix interactions. We describe the isolation and analysis of two partial cDNA clones encoding the alpha subunit of the Leu-CAM Mo1 in humans and guinea pigs. A monoclonal antibody directed against an epitope in the carboxyl-terminal portion of the guinea pig alpha chain was used for immunoscreening a lambda gt11 expression library. The sequence of a 378-base-pair insert from one immunoreactive clone revealed a single continuous open reading frame encoding 126 amino acids including a 26-amino acid tryptic peptide isolated from the purified guinea pig alpha subunit. A cDNA clone of identical size was isolated from a human monocyte/lymphocyte cDNA library by using the guinea pig clone as a probe. The human clone also encoded a 126-amino acid peptide including the sequence of an additional tryptic peptide present in purified human Mo1 alpha chain. RNA gel blots revealed that mature Mo1 alpha chain mRNA is approximately 5 kilobases in guinea pigs and humans. Southern analysis of DNA from hamster-human hybrids localized the human Mo1 alpha chain to chromosome 16, which has been shown to contain the gene for the alpha chain of lymphocyte function-associated antigen 1. A comparison of the Mo1 alpha chain coding region revealed significant homologies with carboxyl-terminal portions of the alpha subunits of fibronectin, vitronectin, and platelet IIb/IIIa receptors. These data suggest that the alpha subunits of Leu-CAMs evolved by gene duplication from a common ancestral gene and strengthen the hypothesis that the alpha subunits of these heterodimeric cell adhesion molecules on myeloid and lymphoid cells, platelets, and fibroblasts are evolutionary related

Topics: Research Article
Year: 1988
OAI identifier: oai:pubmedcentral.nih.gov:280082
Provided by: PubMed Central
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