10.3325/cmj.2020.61.33

Effects of preoperative calcium levels and parathyroidectomy on renal function in primary hyperparathyroidism: a retrospective study

Abstract

Aim TTo assess the effects of preoperative calcium levels and parathyroidectomy on estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) in patients with primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT) with mild renal dysfunction or normal renal function. Methods This retrospective study enrolled 71 patients who underwent parathyroidectomy for PHPT in the General Surgery Department at Ondokuz Mayis University Hospital from 2010 to 2018. All patients were histopathologically diagnosed with parathyroid adenoma. Total serum calcium, serum creatinine, serum intact parathyroid hormone (PTH), and serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D3 (25(OH)D3) were measured before and 3-6 months after surgery. Patients were assigned to the low eGFR group (60-90 mL/min/1.73 m2) or normal eGFR group (≥90 mL/min/1.73 m2) and to the low calcium group (≤11.2 mg/dL) or high calcium group (>11.2 mg/dL). Results In the low eGFR and high calcium group, there were significantly more patients with hypertension and older age. In the normal eGFR and high calcium group, eGFR was significantly reduced after surgery. Independent predictors of eGFR change after surgery were age, pre- parathyroidectomy calcium, and pre-parathyroidectomy eGFR. Conclusions After surgery, patients with low eGFR had preserved renal function, whereas those with normal eGFR had decreased renal function. Mild renal dysfunction in PHPT was associated with older age, hypertension, and high calcium level

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