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Comparison of three methods for identification of pathogenic Neisseria species.

By P C Appelbaum and R B Lawrence


A radiometric procedure was compared with the Minitek and Cystine Trypticase Agar sugar degradation methods for identification of 113 Neisseria species (58 Neisseria meningitidis, 51 Neisseria gonorrhoeae, 2 Neisseria lactamica, 2 Neisseria sicca). Identification of meningococci and gonococci was confirmed by agglutination and fluorescent antibody techniques, respectively. The Minitek method identified 97% of meningococci, 92% of gonococci, and 100% of other Neisseria after 4 h of incubation. The radiometric (Bactec) procedure identified 100% of gonococci and 100% of miscellaneous Neisseria after 3 h, but problems were encountered with meningococci: 45% of the later strains yielded index values for fructose between 20 and 28 (recommended negative cut-off point, less than 20), with strongly positive (greater than 100) glucose and maltose and negative o-nitrophenyl-beta-D-galactopyranoside reactions in all 58 strains. The Cystine Trypticase Agar method identified 91% of meningococci, 90% of gonococci, and 100% of other Neisseria after 24 to 48 h. Prolongation of the Cystine Trypticase Agar incubation period led to abnormal lactose/sucrose reactions in some meningococci and gonococci. Radiometric and Minitek systems are more accurate and convenient than Cystine Trypticase Agar techniques, but, on the basis of these results, radiometric fructose sensitivity levels for meningococci need reevaluation

Topics: Research Article
Year: 1979
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Provided by: PubMed Central
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